Zizia aurea

golden Alexanders - Zizia aurea 09JN25-02
golden Alexanders - Zizia aurea 09JN25-01

characteristics

Perennial with upright stems with alternate, sharply toothed leaves. Produces multiple stalks with tiny yellow flowers. Flower petals have a folded appearance. This plant has the ability to self-pollinate. Often found growing in colonies. Mildly toxic.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
P CW 0.8 0.3 S/PS F-M-C DM-M - - - green grey yellow

habitat

Moist prairie, ditches, stream beds, and hillsides.

uses

Black swallowtail caterpillars eat the flowers and leaves.

Attracts a variety of nectar seeking bees.

Used medicinally by North American aboriginals for fever and headache.

Early settlers believed it to be a cure for syphilis.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity