Lobelia kalmii

brook lobelia - Lobelia kalmii 11JL15

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characteristics

Smooth grass-like stems with spatulate basal leaves, narrow upper leaves. Delicate, irregular shaped flowers bloom at stems end. Flowers are blue with a white centre. A three lobed bottom lip and two lobed upper lip. The flower twists 180 degrees as it matures. The pale blue corolla bears a straight tube divided down the upper side. The anthers may be bearded at the top.

Also known as Kalm's lobelia and Ontario lobelia.

Lobelia means "malevolence": This plant is toxic if eaten in large quantities.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
P W 0.3 0.1 S/PS F-M-C MW-W - - - green gray blue / white

habitat

Likes wet areas such as bogs, rocky shores, and meadows.

uses

Attracts hummingbirds.

Used by North American aboriginals to treat respiratory and muscle disorders, and as a purgative.

Current day uses:
asthma, food poisoning, and as part of smoking cessation programs. Also as a physical relaxant (nerve depressant).

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity