Galium boreale L.

northern bedstraw, Galium boreale - 10JN24-2

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northern bedstraw, Galium boreale - 13JN20

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northern bedstraw, Galium boreale - 12JN15

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northern bedstraw, Galium boreale - 10JN24-1

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characteristics

Many branched with narrow leaves in whorls of four. You always know you're into summer when you see the clouds of snow white flowers of this otherwise inconspicuous circumpolar plant.

725,760 seeds/pound; starts from seed, container, cuttings.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
P CW 1.0 0.3 S/PS M-C M - 5.0-7.2 green grey-yellow white

habitat

Grasslands, disturbed areas, meadows, river and lake shores.

uses

Roasted seeds are ground and used as a coffee substitute.
A tea was made using the roots and leaves.
Used as a fragrant stuffing for mattresses and pillows, hence its common name.
Hormone-like compounds of this plant make it of interest to the pharmaceutical industry.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity