Fragaria virginiana

wild strawberry ~ Fragaria virginiana 10JN04
wild strawberry - Fragaria virginiana 11MA22

ORDER A PRINT ✔

characteristics

Low growing perennial with short rhizomes and numerous trailing runners or stolons. Red stems are somewhat hairy. Three green, toothed leaflets on short stalks. Five petalled white flowers bloom with yellow centres in clusters of 2 - 15. Tiny seeds cover the surface of the flavourful red berries. 90% of domestic strawberries originate from this species.

Also known as: common strawberry and Virginia strawberry. Grows just about anywhere. Spreads readily by seed and stolons.

Starts from seed, cuttings, container.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
P C 0.2 0.4 S/PS F-M-C DM - - - green/red scarlet white (red)

habitat

Fields, open woods, railroads, open slopes, disturbed sites.

uses

Fruit is eaten raw, dried, or used to make jelly or jam. A tea is made using the leaves. Both leaves and fruit are high in vitamin C.

Comments (2)

  • Heather

    Hi, thanks for all the helpful information. I'm a new gardener this year looking to convert much of my property to native plants. I'm wondering what some of the codes mean, particularly the headings T and SSN. Thanks so much.

  • Robert G Mears

    Hi Heather,
    The codes are described at the bottom of the tables on the summary pages: https://www.silverplains.ca/flora/forbs.html

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0 Character restriction
Your text should be more than 100 characters
common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity