Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

kinnikinnick - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 09JN18
kinnikinnick - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 09SE04
kinnikinnick - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 11MA22-1

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kinnikinnick - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 11MA22-2

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characteristics

A low-growing evergreen shrub which often forms dense mats. Attractive, glossy, dark green leaves are spoon-shaped and leathery. Leaves become reddish-purple in the fall. Delicate tiny, white to pink, bell-shaped flowers occur in clusters. Later, bright red berries appear; remaining throughout fall and winter.

Also known as bearberry; yes bears are fond of the berries.

Slow growing.

42,400 seeds/pound; starts from seed, bare root, cutting

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
C CW 0.2 1.6 S/PS gritty D - 5.5-8.0 green purple-red white (red)

habitat

Rocky, sandy areas, woodlands, open areas.

uses

Fruit is eaten by songbirds and mammals. Foliage is browsed by deer.

Kinnikinnick is an Algonquin word meaning tobacco substitute.

North American aboriginals made a poultice for sores using stems and leaves.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity