Lilium philadelphicum

prairie lily - Lilium philadelphicum 09JL23-06
prairie lily - Lilium philadelphicum 07JL15-08
prairie lily - Lilium philadelphicum 09JL23-01
prairie lily - Lilium philadelphicum 07JL15-01

ORDER A PRINT ✔

prairie lily - Lilium philadelphicum

ORDER A PRINT ✔

characteristics

Scarlet flowers with contrasting purple-brown spots surrounded by deep yellow halos. Flower petals are narrower at the base giving an unusual see-through effect. When not in bloom this plant is often overlooked. Seeds are 3 sided capsules about 2.5 cm long. Grown from seed, this plant may take up to four years to produce flowers. Vegetatively reproduces from bulbs composed of starchy scales. Overpicking and increased use of herbicides has led to declining numbers.

Floral emblem of the Province of Saskatchewan.

Starts from seed, bulb.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
P CW 0.6 0.2 S F-M-C DM ••• - 6.1-7.8 green-pale grey scarlet

habitat

Fields, meadows, roadside ditches.

uses

Attracts bees, butterflies and hummingbirds.

Bulbs were boiled and eaten by North American aboriginals.

Bulbs are a popular food source for voles, hence the Cree name: mouse-root.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity