Rosa arkansana

prairie rose - Rosa arkansana 07MA22-01
prairie rose - Rosa arkansana 08JL16

characteristics

A commonly found low subshrub. Stems are very prickly/thorny. White to pink flowers are in small clusters on new growth stems; sometimes on short branches of older stems. Flower buds are deep pink. Leaves: sharply toothed, oval to oblong and fuzzy beneath. Fruit: bright red to purple berries/hips which remain throughout winter. Drought resistant; roots may reach 6 m.

Starts from seed, cuttings.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
SS CW 1.2 0.2 S/PS F-M-C DM - 5.6-7.0 green grey pink-white

habitat

Fields, roadsides, open woodland and thickets.

uses

Rose hips contain high levels of vitamin C. May be eaten raw, stewed, candied.

Important food source for snowshoe hares, jackrabbits, and rodents as well as larger mammals: bears, beaver, deer.

Songbirds and gamebirds eat both buds and hips.

North American aboriginals made a medicinal tea from the flowers for diarrhea and stomach complaints. A compress using boiled roots was used to reduce swelling.

The hips were an emergency food source for Plains Indians.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity