Schoenoplectus pungens

cosmopolitan bulrush - Schoenoplectus maritimus (L.) Lye 09AU13-03
cosmopolitan bulrush - Schoenoplectus maritimus (L.) Lye 11JN24
cosmopolitan bulrush - Schoenoplectus maritimus (L.) Lye 12JL02

characteristics

Rhizomatous perennial with small, brown, terminal spikes in a rounded, compact, cluster. Leafy bracts extend beyond the seed clusters. Also known as chairmaker’s rush.

Starts from seed or rhizomes.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
P CW 1.0 SB S S/PS M-C M-W •• - 5.2-8.5 green yellow green (brown)

Habitat

likes wet sandy or gritty areas such as marshes, ponds, streambanks, ditches.

uses

The seeds/seedheads of this plant and other bulrushes are an important source of food for many wetland birds, including ducks, geese, rails, and some granivorous songbirds. ... Common Three-Square and other bulrushes also provide suitable cover, foraging, and nesting habitat for many wetland birds. This includes such species as the Marsh Wren, Yellow-headed Blackbird, Canvasback, Ruddy Duck, American Bittern, Virginia Rail, Sora, Common Moorhen, and Wilson's Snipe (DeVore et al., 2004). Muskrats feed on the rootstocks and aerial stems of these plants. (Illinois Wildflowers)

Excellent for reconstructed wetlands:
Removes Nitrogen (N2) and phosphorus (P) from water.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity