Vernonia fasciculata

ironweed, Vernonia fasciculata 14AU08-1

characteristics

Dark green leaves and stout, unbranched stems with magenta flowers in flat topped clusters. The common name comes from the tough quality of the stem along with the rust colour of both the fading flowers and seed.

384,000 seeds/pound; starts from seed, bare root, container.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
P W-Y 1.8 1.0 S F-M-C M-W - - 5.6-7.5 green-dark - magenta

habitat

Wet fields, ditches, marshes.

uses

Attracts long-tongued bees, butterflies (skippers in particular), and moths.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity