Lithospermum canescens

hoary puccoon - Lithospermum canescens 09JN18-04
hoary puccoon - Lithospermum canescens 11JN11
hoary puccoon - Lithospermum canescens 09JN10

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characteristics

Erect perennial with multiple stems, and pale green leaves. Fine white hairs on both stems and leaves give the plant a hoary appearance, hence part of the common name. (Puccoon refers to the dye made from this plant.) Dense clusters of funnel-shaped, vivid yellow-orange flowers bloom at the stem's tip. Often grows in colonies.

Starts from seed, bare root, cuttings. Difficult to germinate from seed.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
P C 0.5 0.3 S sandy DM - - nt-ac green-pale grey-yellow yellow-deep

habitat

Fields, woods, roadsides.

uses

Attracts bees, butterflies, including painted lady (Vanessa cardui).

This plant is used for dyes.

An infusion made from this plant has sedative properties.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity