Hierochloe odorata

sweet grass - Hierochloe odorata 06MA14
sweet grass - Hierochloe odorata 07MA16

characteristics

Usually found growing among other grasses or shrubs. Upright with few leaves. Three flowered spikelets bloom in an open panicle. Produces very little seed. Spread is by fairly deep rhizomes. Distinctive vanilla scent. Virtually disappears after seed ripens. Difficult to get started.

110,000 seeds/pound; starts from seed, container

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
P CW 0.6 B S M-C M-W ••• - 5.7-7.4 green-grey copper white-pink (blk)

habitat

Marsh edges, low prairie and meadows.

uses

Considered sacred by Great Plains natives; used for smudging.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity