Perennial; leaves are green with the stem (basal) leaves being thicker and leathery late in the year. Unbranched reddish stems end in a flat topped flower cluster. Flowers are yellow and slightly larger than other goldenrods. Tends to grow in clumps. Basal leaves often persist through the winter. Reseeds readily.
All you have to do is push down on one of these plants to know why it's named stiff goldenrod.
770,000 seeds/pound; starts from seed, bare root, cuttings.
Fields, thickets, roadsides and railway edges.
Attracts bees, moths, beetles, and butterflies; especially monarchs.
A food source for deer, rabbits, and muskrats; in particular during early growth.