Epilobium ciliatum

fringed willowherb ~ Epilobium ciliatum Raf. 09AU13-02
fringed willowherb - Epilobium ciliatum Raf. 11AU06
fringed willowherb ~ Epilobium ciliatum Raf. 09AU13

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characteristics

Annual with upright stems, usually solitary with branching above. Leaves are short-stalked, lance shaped, toothed, and opposite; upper leaves may be alternate. Both foliage and stems are covered with tiny, bristly hairs. Flower colour varies from white, pink to purple. Trumpet-shaped flowers bloom in small clusters. They consist of 4 deeply notched petals. Fruit is an erect pod with tufted seeds. A member of the primrose family. Self seeds readily in moist areas.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
A W .7 0.2 S/PS F-M-C M-W - - - green orange pink

habitat

Moist to wet: forest, disturbed sites, pond edges, and open areas.

uses

North American aboriginals made a poultice from the roots to treat muscle cramps.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity