Crataegus chrysocarpa var. chrysocarpa
Elaborately branched, extremely thorny large shrub or multi-stemmed tree. Lobed leaves are broad and somewhat shiny, occasionally hairy. White to pale pink flowers are in clusters. Fruits are bright red.
5,000 seeds/pound; starts from seed, bare root.
Thickets, along streams, moist areas.
Eastern loggerhead shrike uses this short tree to store food by skewering its catch — mostly insects — onto the thorns.
Provides cover and nesting for small birds.
Berries are eaten by birds, rodents and small mammals.
Deer browse twigs and leaves.
During famines fruit was a food source for North American aboriginals.