Crataegus chrysocarpa var. chrysocarpa

fireberry hawthorn - Crataegus chrysocarpa 08SE21 03
fireberry hawthorn - Crataegus chrysocarpa 08SE21 02

characteristics

Elaborately branched, extremely thorny large shrub or multi-stemmed tree. Lobed leaves are broad and somewhat shiny, occasionally hairy. White to pale pink flowers are in clusters. Fruits are bright red.

5,000 seeds/pound; starts from seed, bare root.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
D C 5.0 6.0 S F-M-C DM •• - 4.5-7.2 green yellow-deep white (red)

habitat

Thickets, along streams, moist areas.

uses

Eastern loggerhead shrike uses this short tree to store food by skewering its catch — mostly insects — onto the thorns.

Provides cover and nesting for small birds.

Berries are eaten by birds, rodents and small mammals.

Deer browse twigs and leaves.

During famines fruit was a food source for North American aboriginals.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity