Gentiana procera

fringed gentian - Gentiana procera 08SE21-04
fringed gentian - Gentiana procera 08SE21-05
fringed gentian - Gentiana procera 08SE21-01

characteristics

Biennial with single branching stems with 1 to 24 deep blue-violet flowers. Flowers are funnel-shaped with flaring fringed lips. Until pollinated, the flowers open during daylight hours then close at night. Seed needs light to germinate so this species is often found in open places. First year's growth is just a small rosette of leaves. Difficult to get started.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
B W 0.3 0.3 S F-M-C M - - 6.6-7.8 green - blue-violet

habitat

Open wetlands, bogs, meadows and swales.

uses

Attracts bees which crawl inside the flower.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity