Viola nephrophylla

northern bog violet ~ Viola nephrophylla

characteristics

Unless in flower this low growing plant is easy to miss. Heart shaped leaves with rounded teeth are slightly cupped at the base. Five petalled blue to purple flowers grow singly on stalks rising above the leaves. The dark veins on the lower petals may guide nectar seeking pollinators to a spur on the bottom petal.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
P - 0.1 0.2 - - M-MW - - - green yellow grey purple

habitat

Sedge meadows, roadsides, bogs, pond shores.

uses

A tea used for headaches and sore throats was made from the flowers. Leaves contain high amounts of vitamin C and A.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity