Elymus canadensis L.

Canada wild rye - Elymus canadensis L. 14JL31-02
Canada wild rye - Elymus canadensis L. 14JL31-01
Canada wild rye - Panicum capillaire L. 12SE03

ORDER A PRINT ✔

characteristics

Short-lived perennial, late cool-season bunchgrass with erect or arching culms and flat, wide, waxy, green, pointed leaves. Auricles are claw-like and clasping, arising from a broad, yellowish or light green collar. Thick and bristly spikelets can reach 4 cm in length. Self seeds and spreads quickly. Gives way to other grasses. Grows in full sun or full shade.

115,000 seeds/pound; starts from seed, container.

T SSN H W sun soil H2O fire N2 pH summer fall flower (seed)
P CW 1.3 B S/SH F-M-C DM - 5.0-7.9 green yellow-pale grey purple

habitat

Fields, waste areas, roadsides, forests, path edges.

uses

Good forage early in season. Excellent erosion control; establishes quickly. Excellent cover crop for Native replantings. Provides nesting, brood, winter, and escape cover for birds and small mammals.

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common > name = have on site
T = type: A = annual | B = biennial | P = perennial | SS = subshrub | D = deciduous | C = coniferous
██ = cold stratify | ██ = cold stratify & scarify | ██ = plant directly | ██ = scarify | ██ = not from seed
SSN = season: C = cool | W = warm | Y = late
H = height (in metres) | W = width (in metres) | B = bunch | S = sod | SB = sod/bunch
sun: S = full sun | S/PS = sun or partial shade | PS = partial shade | SH = full shade
soil: F = fine | M = medium | C = coarse
H2O = moisture requirement: D = dry | M = moist | W = wet | Z = aquatic
fire = fire tolerance: - = unknown | X = none | = some | •• = moderate | ••• = high tolerance
N2 = nitrogen fixing: = yes
summer = foliage colour | fall = foliage (stem) colour | flower (seed) = flower (seed / fruit) colour, if conspicuous
pH = acidity - alkalinity